Monday, August 30, 2010

South African president heaps lavish praise on authoritarian China

I think the ICC should start worrying about Liberia.  

With China’s influence in Africa especially Liberia, could China be an obstacle to justice in Liberia given her world economic strength? Now that the Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf led government has  become China’s guinea pig, will the Liberian leader ever go to court for the role she played during the Liberia civil war that resulted into the death of over 250,000 innocent women and children??? Or would China simply play don’t care role and just work with agents of death in Liberia?? - Bernard Gbayee Goah

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South African president heaps lavish praise on authoritarian China
Geoffrey York

Source: theglobeandmail.com

Johannesburg — From Thursday's Globe and Mail Published on Wednesday, Aug. 25, 2010 10:18PM EDT Last updated on Wednesday, Aug. 25, 2010 10:26PM EDT

The “discipline” of China’s authoritarian political system should be considered as a potential recipe for economic growth in Africa and other developing regions, South African President Jacob Zuma says.

Mr. Zuma, on a four-day official visit to China, criticized the West and lavished praise on his Chinese hosts as he described a world where dynamism is “shifting from North to South and from West to East.”

His unexpected praise for the authoritarian Chinese system, coming from the leader of one of Africa’s biggest democracies, is further evidence of Beijing’s growing influence in Africa. Within the space of a few years, China has emerged to become Africa’s second-biggest trading partner and a key source of support for its governments.

Last year, China overtook the United States to become the biggest trading partner of South Africa, the richest economy on the continent.

Mr. Zuma made it clear that he is tired of hearing advice from Western governments that demand Western-style democratic systems. Instead, he suggested, the developing world is ready to learn political lessons from the dramatic rise of China, where opposition is muzzled and dissent is crushed.

“In the past, economists from the developed countries told the developing countries that they should behave more like the developed countries,” Mr. Zuma said on Wednesday in a lecture at Renmin University in Beijing.

“The developing world was told that if it did not Westernize and change its political systems to mirror those of the West, they could forget about achieving economic growth and development. Now we are asking what we could learn from other political systems and cultures. Is the political discipline in China a recipe for economic success, for example?”

Many African leaders are resentful of aid from Western institutions because the money usually comes with conditions attached, including requirements for market reforms and even political reforms. Beijing, in contrast, makes a point of doing business with any African leader, regardless of how autocratic they might be, and never demanding any political conditions or democratic reforms. This has made China increasingly popular and influential in Africa, especially as China’s financial clout has soared.

Governments such as Ethiopia, which have growing links to Beijing, have used Chinese surveillance technology to bolster their power over their citizens, analysts say.

Chinese trade with South Africa has climbed rapidly in recent years, reaching about $16-billion (U.S.) last year and leaping by a further 56 per cent in the first half of this year, compared with the same period last year, according to Chinese statistics. Much of the increase is in exports of South African minerals and iron ores to feed China’s insatiable industry.

This week, China dangled the possibility of providing a $30-billion high-speed rail line between Johannesburg and the port city of Durban, using Chinese technology and financing. It’s an example of the kinds of lucrative deals that China can offer African countries as it grows in power.

The lure of China was further demonstrated by the size of Mr. Zuma’s delegation. He brought 13 cabinet ministers and 370 business leaders with him to China – the biggest delegation ever to accompany him on a foreign visit.

“China is still a developing country facing challenges of poverty and inequality, but it is doing exceptionally well and provides many lessons for others in both the developed and developing world,” Mr. Zuma said in his speech on Wednesday.

In another speech in Beijing, a day earlier, Mr. Zuma noted that China was the biggest economy in the world when its naval ships first visited Africa in the 15th century. “The rise of China indicates that the world is now returning to its historical economic powers and trade patterns,” he said.

South Africa is also hoping to join the so-called BRIC grouping, which consists of Brazil, Russia, India and China. Over the past year, Mr. Zuma has visited all of the BRIC nations to lobby for a place in the informal group, and he told reporters on Wednesday that he is expecting a “favourable decision” by the BRIC countries to South Africa’s request to join. The group is seen as a counterbalance to U.S. influence over the global economy.

Chinese in Africa

The rapid growth in China’s investment and trade in Africa has provoked controversy across the continent, but it is undoubtedly successful and highly visible.

Big and growing

- China’s annual trade with Africa, a mere $2-billion in 1999, soared to an astonishing $107-billion in 2009, allowing China for the first time to rival the United States as the continent’s biggest trading partner

- White elephants

- In Angola, China has gained access to the country’s oil wealth by lending $8-billion for new roads, railways and hospitals, built largely by China’s own companies.

- The Chinese-built hospitals are impressive showcases for the new Angola. But some health experts are calling them unnecessary and costly. Instead of showcase projects, the country desperately needs to solve its shortage of doctors, nurses, midwives and other health professionals.

Mining, energy

China is already the biggest trading partner of oil-rich but authoritarian countries such as Sudan and Angola. In 2009, a Chinese conglomerate announced one of the biggest investments China has ever made in Africa, a $2.6-billion stake in Liberia's main iron-ore mine.

- China also has signed mining and energy deals reportedly worth $1.6-billion with Zimbabwe, undercutting the international sanctions against Robert Mugabe's regime.

- In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, China announced a $9-billion plan to build thousands of kilometres of railways and roads, 32 hospitals, 145 health centres, two hydro dams and two airports – all in exchange for access to lucrative copper and cobalt resources.

- Labour abuses

- The Chinese investment boom in Africa is fuelled by the exploitation of African workers, said an April study by the African Labour Research Network. Based on two years of research, the study focused on Chinese employers in 10 African countries. It documents a pattern of labour abuses across the continent.

- In Namibia, for example, the study found that every Chinese construction company was paying far less than minimum wage. In Malawi and Ghana, many employees of Chinese companies are required to work up to 12 hours without a break, sometimes for seven days a week. In Nigeria and Kenya, workers at some Chinese factories are locked inside their factories all day to prevent them from leaving, resulting in dozens of deaths when fires broke out.

Continent for sale

Across Africa, governments are leasing farmland to land-hungry countries in Asia and the Middle East.

• China secured 2.8 million hectares for a biofuel oil palm plantation in the Democratic Republic of Congo and is seeking 2 million more hectares in Zambia for biofuels.

• In Nigeria, an unknown Chinese company secured 10,000 hectares for rice; in Tanzania, China has secured 300 hectares for rice.

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Everyone is a genius. But if you judge a fish on its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid. – A Einstein

Drawing the line in Liberia

Crimes sponsored, committed, or masterminded by handful of individuals cannot be blamed upon an entire nationality. In this case, Liberians! The need for post-war justice is a step toward lasting peace, stability and prosperity for Liberia. Liberia needs a war crimes tribunal or some credible legal forum that is capable of dealing with atrocities perpetrated against defenseless men, women and children during the country's brutal war. Without justice, peace shall remain elusive and investment in Liberia will not produce the intended results. - Bernard Gbayee Goah



Men with unhealthy characters should not champion any noble cause

They pretend to advocate the cause of the people when their deeds in the dark mirror nothing else but EVIL!!
When evil and corrupt men try to champion a cause that is so noble … such cause, how noble it may be, becomes meaningless in the eyes of the people - Bernard Gbayee Goah.

If Liberia must move forward ...

If Liberia must move forward in order to claim its place as a civilized nation amongst world community of nations, come 2017 elections, Liberians must critically review the events of the past with honesty and objectivity. They must make a new commitment to seek lasting solutions. The track records of those who are presenting themselves as candidates for the position of "President of the Republic of Liberia" must be well examined. Liberians must be fair to themselves because results from the 2011 elections will determine the future of Liberia’s unborn generations to come - Bernard Gbayee Goah

Liberia's greatest problem!

While it is true that an individual may be held responsible for corruption and mismanagement of funds in government, the lack of proper system to work with may as well impede the process of ethical, managerial, and financial accountability - Bernard Gbayee Goah

What do I think should be done?

The situation in Liberia is Compound Complex and cannot be fixed unless the entire system of government is reinvented.
Liberia needs a workable but uncompromising system that will make the country an asylum free from abuse, and other forms of corruption.
Any attempt to institute the system mentioned above in the absence of rule of law is meaningless, and more detrimental to Liberia as a whole - Bernard Gbayee Goah

Liberia's Natural Resources
Besides land water and few other resources, most of Liberia’s dependable natural resources are not infinite, they are finite and therefore can be depleted.
Liberia’s gold, diamond, and other natural resources will not always be an available source of revenue generation for its people and its government. The need to invent a system in government that focuses on an alternative income generation method cannot be over emphasized at this point - Bernard Gbayee Goah

Liberia needs a proper system
If Liberians refuse to erect a proper system in place that promotes the minimization of corruption and mismanagement of public funds by government institutions, and individuals, there will come a time when the value of the entire country will be seen as a large valueless land suited on the west coast of Africa with some polluted bodies of waters and nothing else. To have no system in place in any country is to have no respect for rule of law. To have no respect for rule of law is to believe in lawlessness. And where there is lawlessness, there is always corruption - Bernard Gbayee Goah

Solving problems in the absence of war talks

As political instability continues to increase in Africa, it has become abundantly clear that military intervention as a primary remedy to peace is not a durable solution. Such intervention only increases insecurity and massive economic hardship. An existing example which could be a valuable lesson for Liberia is Great Britain, and the US war on terror for the purpose of global security. The use of arms whether in peace keeping, occupation, or invasion as a primary means of solving problem has yield only little results. Military intervention by any country as the only solution to problem solving will result into massive military spending, economic hardship, more fear, and animosity as well as increase insecurity. The alternative is learning how to solve problems in the absence of war talks. The objective of such alternative must be to provide real sustainable human security which cannot be achieved through military arm intervention, or aggression. In order to achieve results that will make the peaceful coexistence of all mankind possible, there must be a common ground for the stories of all sides to be heard. I believe there are always three sides to every story: Their side of the story, Our side of the story, and The truthBernard Gbayee Goah

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